The goal for professional cabinet painters is always to have the smoothest finish possible.
Remodeling your kitchen is a project that can cost tens of thousands of dollars, so many homeowners look for ways to reduce costs to save money. One way you can reduce the cost of the remodel is to refinish your kitchen cabinets instead of replacing them. Using stain on the cabinets brings out the natural beauty of the wood, and adding glaze over the stain gives the cabinets an aged look.
Remove the doors and drawers from the cabinets. Unscrew and remove all hardware from the cabinets, including handles, doorknobs and hinges. If the cabinets contain glass, place painter s tape on the glass where it meets the wood. Take the doors and drawers to a well-ventilated area, because the fumes from the stripper and stain can be hazardous.
Place tarps on the floor underneath the cabinets and the area where you re refinishing the doors and drawers. Open windows and doors in the kitchen, and use a fan to keep air circulating.
Apply a chemical stripper to the surface of the cabinets and the doors and drawers. Allow the stripper to work for the time specified on the packaging. Wear safety goggles, gloves and a mask when applying the chemical stripper. If you start to feel lightheaded, stop working and go to an area where you can get fresh air.
Begin removing the stripper and old finish by scraping the surface of the cabinets with a putty knife. Avoid digging into the surface of the cabinets with the putty knife by holding the blade as flat as you can.
Apply more stripper to the cabinet to remove any of the previous finish that remains on the surface. Use a toothbrush to remove the finish from small areas you cannot clear with the putty knife.
Fill any holes or nicks in the surface of the cabinets with wood putty. Sand the wood putty smooth.
Lightly sand the surface of the cabinets with fine-grit sandpaper. This scuffs the surface of the wood, which allows the cabinets to absorb the stain better. Remove the sawdust by wiping the cabinets down with a tack cloth.
Begin applying the stain to the cabinets inside the areas that are inset, or have intricate designs carved into the wood. Use a -inch brush when applying the stain in these areas. Use smooth strokes when applying the stain, and wipe away any excess stain that builds up with a clean rag.
Apply the stain to the large sections of the cabinets with a -inch brush, following the direction of the grain when applying the stain. Wipe away any excess buildup of stain. Allow the stain to dry for the time specified by the manufacturer.
Apply a second coat of stain to the cabinets to darken them further, if desired. Allow the stain to dry for the time specified by the manufacturer.
Mix the glazing liquid with paint to give it color. Use black paint if you want dark cabinets, and brown paint if you want the cabinets to be lighter in color. Refer to the manufacturer s instructions for the precise mixing ratios, but a general breakdown of the mixture is as follows: parts paint to part glaze for dark stains, a : mix for a medium glaze and a mixture of part paint to parts glaze for a light-colored glaze.
Apply the glaze to the cabinets by dipping a clean rag into the glaze and paint mix and rubbing it onto the cabinets with a circular motion. Wipe the excess glaze off of the cabinets with a clean cloth. Allow the glaze to dry for the time specified by the manufacturer.
Apply a protective layer of shellac or polyurethane onto the cabinets, using the same method you used when applying the stain. Allow the shellac or polyurethane to dry.
Sand the cabinets very lightly with fine-grit sandpaper. Wipe the cabinets off with a tack cloth to remove the dust. Apply a second coat of shellac or polyurethane, and allow it to dry.